My educational background includes a double degree masters in International Cooperation and Urban Development with specialization in Development Economics from the EU-sponsored Mundus Urbano program. I also have a master degree in Urban and Regional Planning and a B.Sc in Applied Mathematics from Iran. Since I have finished my study, I have been working with Iran's government bodies at local level in urban development field, mostly as planning consultant and researcher.

In my free time, I am an Urban Activist working with NGOs in informal settlements in Mashhad with the belief that urban change could and should start from grass root organization. Working with Municipality in two fields: smart cities and informal settlements has led me to question the future of cities in regard to social equity and smart cities concept.

Whether we accept that the future of cities is shaped by the new technologies or not, there still is a question of how it happens and it seems not clear yet! If now cities are divided into different social and economical class neighborhoods, and the physical structure of a city is in a correlation with its social structure, would it be the case in future when the physical barriers are less matter to residents of a smart planet. Is there any new indicators/definitions for social equity and social segregation in a smart city?